Friday, August 7, 2015


I include links to sites that at the time of writing were working properly. I offer no guarantees. There may be other sites that have these works.

This bibliography divides into "Kabbalah and Esotericism", "Tarot-Related Books and Articles", "Tarot Decks", and "Early Orderings of the Major Arcana (Trumps)".


 Cornelius Agrippa, Three Books of Occult Philosophy, translated by "James Freake" (online; in text, search “lots”). Edited with notes by Donald Tyson, St. Paul, Minn.: Llewellyn, 1993. He also has material on Kabbalah.

Joseph Leon Blau, The Christian Interpretation of the Cabala in the Renaissance, New York: Columbia University Press, 1944.

Anthony Bonner, Selected works of Raimon Llull (1232-.1316 (2 vols.). Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1985.

Pseudo-Dionysius, Complete Works, translated by Colm Luibheid. New York: Paulist Press, 1987. in an earlier translation (1897) Divine Names is online at The Celestial Hierarchy is at The Mystical Theology is at The 1987 translation of the Complete Works is also online, but I haven't tried to download it.

S. A. Farmer, Syncretism in the West: Pico’s 900 Theses (1486): the Evolution of Traditional Religious and Philosophical Systems, Text, translation, commentary. Tempe, Ariz. : Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1998.

Teofilio Folengo, The Chaos of Triperuno, translated by Ann E. Mullaney. Online only. Her site is Triperuno can be found there in various Italian. editions. The translation is at Once there, search for the word  “tarot” for the tarot sonnets section).

Joseph Gikatilla, Gates of Light, translated by Avi Weinstein. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 1994. Selections online at Latin translation, Portae Lucis, 1516 Augsburg, is online in Google Books,  here.

Havey J. Hames, "Jewish Magic with a Christian Text: a Hebrew Translation of Ramon Llull's 'Ars Brevis'". Traditio, Vol. 54 (1999), pp. 283-300. In JSTOR. Also The Art of Conversion: Christianity & Kabbalah in the Thirteenth Century, Boston and Amsterdam: Brill, 2000. Relevant text (p. 1) online at here

Wouter Hanegraaff and Ruud M Bouthoorn, Lodovico Lazzarelli (1447-1500): the Hermetic writings and related documents. Tempe, Ariz.: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005.

Moshe Idel, Kabbalah in Italy, 1280-1510: A Survey. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2011 full text online at, Also “Ramon Lull and Ecstatic Kabbalah: A Preliminary Observation", Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 51 (1988), pp. 170-174 (online in JSTOR.)

Aryeh Kaplan; Neḥunya ben ha-Kanah; The Bahir, York Beach, Maine: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1989. Sections 1-80 online at here

Aryeh Kaplan, Sefer Yetzirah, The Book of Creation in Theory and Practice, revised edition. York Beach, Me.: S. Weiser, 1997. Up through the part on mother letters is online here

Arthur M. Lesley, The Song of Solomon's ascents by Yohanan Alemanno : love and human perfection according to a Jewish colleague of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Ph.D. dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, 1976. I have made scans of some of the pages. Page 6, (click here for page 6) and p. 7, (click here for p 7), both discussed by me at, in the context of the book as a whole.  to Also pp. 116-117 here; pp. 118-119 here; pp. 120-121 here; and pp. 122-123 here a discussion of Solomon judging between two women) .Also p. 130 here, p. 131 here, and p. 132 here, discussed by me at Also pp. 133-138, discussed by me in forum post just cited: p. 133 herep. 134 herep. 135 here;  p. 136 here;  p. 137 here;  p. 138 here  Also, discussed by me in the same place, p. 220 here and p. 221 here. 

Flavius Mithridates, translator: The Book of Bahir, Yosef Giqatilla's Book of Punctuation, The Great Parchment, Menahem Recanati's Commentary on the Daily Prayers, and The Gate of Heaven, all with English and Hebrew versions as well as Mithridates' Latin. Giulio Busi, General Editor, published by Nino Aragno Editore, Torino. The Bahir, 2005, is edited and translated into English by Saverio Campanini, with a forward by Giulio Busi. Giqatilla's Book of Punctuation (an essay on the role of the vowel points in the creation of the world), 2010, is edited and translated, with Introduction and Notes, by Annett Martini.The anonymous Great Parchment, 2004, is edited by Giulio Busi, with Simonetta M. Bondoni and Saverio Campanini, and translated into English by Giulio Busi. Recanati's Commentary on the Daily Prayers, 2008, is edited and translated, with Introduction and Notes, by Giacomo Corazzul. (The Introduction is especially helpful for its discussion of Mithridates' method of literal translation with his own interpolations.) The anonymous Gate of Heaven, 2012, is edited with introduction and notes by Susanne Jurgan and Saverio Campanini with a text on Pico by Giulio Busi, translated into English by Susane Jurgen, revised by Saverio Campanini.

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. "Oration [on the Dignity of Man]", translated by Charles Glenn Wallis. In Pico Della Mirandola, On the Dignity of Man, On Being and the One, Haptaplus, with an introduction by Paul J. W. Miller. Indianapolis, New York, Kansas City: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965 (original work written c. 1486, first published in Latin, 1496).

Johann Reuchlin, On the art of the Kabbalah. De arte Cabalistica. Translation by Martin and Sarah Goodman.  New York: Abaris Books, 1983. The part on the sefiroth is not included in the Google Books upload, but the Introduction (modern) and most of Book I, introducing the Kabbalah, is here

Ira Robinson, Moses Cordovero's Introduction to Kabbalah: An annotated Translation of His Or Ne'erav. New York : Michael Scharf Pub. Trust of Yeshiva Univ. Press; Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Pub. House, 1994.

Alexander Roob,  Alchemy and Mysticism: The Hermetic Museum:(for a few images). Taschen: Köln & New York, 1997.

Daniel Stolzenberg, "Four Trees, Some Amulets, and the Seventy-two Names of God: Kircher Reveals the Kabbalah". pp 149-170. In Paula Findlen, ed., Athanasius Kircher: the last man who knew everything. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Edgar Wind, Pagan Mysteries of the Renaissance. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1958

Chaim Wirszubski, Pico della Mirandola's Encounter with Jewish Mysticism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Paola Zambelli, L'apprendista stregone: astrologia, cabala e arte lulliana in Pico della Mirandola e seguaci (The Sorcerer’s Apprentice: astrology, Kabbalah, and Lullian Art in Pico della Mirandola and followers). Venezia: Marsilio 1995.

See also my related blog:
“Jewish-Christian Interactions in Italy before 1500”,


Sandrina Bandera and Marco Tanzi, I tarocchi dei Bembo: Dal cuore del Ducato di Milano alla corti della valle del Po [The Tarot of the Bembo: From the heart of the Duchy of Milan to the courts of the valley of the Po]. Milano: Skira editore, 2013.

Paul Foster Case, The Book of Tokens (4th edition, Los Angeles: Builders of the Adytum, 1968; originally published 1934). Online at Also, The Tarot: A Key to the Wisdom of the Ages: the Classic Guide (Los Angeles: Bulders of the Adytum, no date; and New York, Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, 2006; originally published 1947). Online at

Michael Dummett, The Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards, New York: G. Braziller, 1986. About the Pierpont-Morgan-Bergamo (PMB) deck, with full color illustrations.

Michael Dummett, with the collaboration of Sylvia Mann, The Game of Tarot: From Ferrara to Salt Lake City. London: Duckworth, 1980.

Eliphas Levi, translated by A.E. Waite, Transcendental Magic: its doctrine and ritual. London, Rider [1958]. (original 1854 in French). Online in a couple of editions, including one here

Gertrude Moakley, The tarot cards painted by Bonifacio Bembo for the Visconti-Sforza family; an iconographic and historical study, New York Public Library, 1966.  Also about the PMB deck.

Stuart Kaplan, Encyclopedia of Tarot, Vols. 1 and 2 (U.S. Games Systems, 1978 and 1986). Good black and white images of most of the decks cited; good indices, much historical information.

Andrea Vitali, “Tarot and Literature I”. Online at For the references, search in the text for “divine brain” and "assify".

See also my related blog:
“The Renaissance Philosophy of Cartomancy”,


Cary-Yale deck, also known as "Visconti", from before 1447. High-resolution images at

Brera-Brambilla deck, before 1447. Only two major arcana extant, Emperor and Wheel of Fortune. Various sites, a relatively stable one is

Pierpont-Morgan-Bergamo (PMB) deck, also known as "Visconti Sforza", Most cards 1450s, but six majors may be as late as 1480s. Majors and the rest are at But the titles are modern occult ones, and the Devil and Tower are substitutes created by a modern artist based on the standard "Marseille" designs, with no relation to the rest of the deck.  Individual cards are on many sites. See also the books on this deck by Dummett and Moakley.

Sforza Castle cards, 1499-1600. See the second heading of my blog-page

Rosenwald deck (Florence),

Bolognese sequence (from two 16th century sheets), First post only.

Budapest-Metropolitan sheets (probably Venice, 16th century):

Cary Sheet, probably Milan or at least Milan-descended, c. 1500:

Catelin Geofroy deck, 1558 Lyons, first deck with precise "Marseille" order.

Noblet deck, c. 1650 Paris.

Vieville deck, c. 1650 Paris,

Dodal deck, c. 1701 Lyons,

Chosson deck, possibly 1672, along with many other early "Marseille" style decks,

Conver deck 1760:

Conver deck 1761. This has different coloration. My view is that the 1760 colors met with objections, so he redid the colors. I cannot find any site with all the major arcana. It is the edition currently being put out by Heron.  Some of the cards are at,, and so forth. I purchased the facsimile deck from Heron and use it to make sure that if I download an image from elsewhere it is correct. A few online sites have decks they advertise as Conver 1761 that are actually much later, with totally.different colors.

Rider-Waite deck.

B.O.T.A. deck (Paul Foster Case). Many sites with individual cards.The colors slightly vary. Case himself seems to have put out a deck that required the users to paint it themselves; the black and white drawings are at One site that has all the majors in color is


These lists of the various ways the cards were put in numerical order are mostly my scans from Michael Dummett, Game of Tarot, pp. 399-401 (seventeen different orders) But the second one was put together by Marco Ponzi on Tarot History Forum, based on sources documented there; it contains two additional ones..

Western order (Milan, France): here and here

Eastern Order (Ferrara, Venice):here

Southern Order (Florence, Bologna) here

No comments:

Post a Comment